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HTML5基础-新增标签+新增属性+布局案例

匿名 匿名 发表于2020-06-26 12:28:21 浏览31 评论0

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html5中常用的结构标签

article 文章

header 头部

nav 导航

section 区域

aside 侧边栏

hgroup 区块的相关信息

figure 定义一组内容及标题

figcaption 定义figure元素的标题

footer 底部

dialog 对话框

使用习惯:

header/section/footer > aside/article/figure/hgroup/nav > div

embed可插入flash文件,但flash已经逐渐被淘汰,不建议使用

meter状态标签,可以定义电压

optimum是标准状态

low与high之间呈现绿色,其余呈现黄色

<meter value=”220” min=”20” max=”380” low=”200” high=”240” optimum=”220”></meter>

自动计算百分比

<meter value="0.75">75%</meter>

有步长的进度条

<progress value="30" max="100"></progress>

不断加载的进度条

<progress max="100"></progress>

datalist为input定义下拉列表

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body>    <input placeholder="请选择手机品牌" list="phoneList">    <datalist id="phoneList">        <option value="iphone">iphone</option>        <option value="samsung">samsung</option>        <option value="huawei">huawei</option>        <option value="oppo">oppo</option>        <option value="htc">htc</option>    </datalist></body></html>专门建立的学习Q-q-u-n:⑦⑧④-⑦⑧③-零①② ,分享学习的方法和需要注意的小细节,不停更新最新的教程和学习技巧(从零基础开始到前端项目实战教程,学习工具,全栈开发学习路线以及规划)

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details定义元素的详细内容,配合summary

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body>    <details>        <summary>HTML5</summary>        <p>HTML5是构建Web内容的一种语言描述方式。HTML5是互联网的下一代标准,是构建以及呈现互联网内容的一种语言方式.被认为是互联网的核心技术之一。HTML产生于1990年,1997年HTML4成为互联网标准,并广泛应用于互联网应用的开发。HTML5是Web中核心语言HTML的规范,用户使用任何手段进行网页浏览时看到的内容原本都是HTML格式的,在浏览器中通过一些技术处理将其转换成为了可识别的信息。HTML5在从前HTML4.01的基础上进行了一定的改进,虽然技术人员在开发过程中可能不会将这些新技术投入应用,但是对于该种技术的新特性,网站开发技术人员是必须要有所了解的。 [1-2] </p>    </details></body></html>

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ruby和rt进行拼音的注释

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body> 我们来<ruby>夼<rt>kuang</rt></ruby>一个话题 </body></html>

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兼容浏览器的写法:

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body> 我们来<ruby>夼<rp>(</rp><rt>Kuang</rt><rp>)</rp></ruby>一个话题 </body></html>

mark黄色选中效果

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body>    <p>妈妈叫我回家的时候顺路买一盒<mark>牛奶</mark>,需要很新鲜的那种。</p></body></html>

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output表单计算

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body>    <form oninput="sum.value=parseInt(num1.value)*parseInt(num2.value)">        <input type="number" id="num1">* <input type="number" id="num2">= <output name="sum" for="num1 num2"></output>    </form></body></html>

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date pickers在移动端效果比较好

week兼容性不好

datetime兼容性不好,推荐用datetime-local

time用来设置时间(小时和分钟);

month用来设置年和月;

date用来设置年月日;

datetime用来设置年月日和时间;

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body> email:<input type="email" name="email"><br> url:<input type="url" name="url"><br> tel:<input type="tel" name="tel"><br> number:<input type="number" name="number"><br> date:<input type="date" name="date"><br> month:<input type="month" name="month"><br> week:<input type="week" name="week"><br> time:<input type="time" name="time"><br> datetime:<input type="datetime" name="datetime"><br> datetime-local:<input type="datetime-local" name="datetime-local"><br> range:<input type="range" name="range" min="1" max="10"><br> search:<input type="search" name="search"><br> color:<input type="color" name="color"><br></body></html>专门建立的学习Q-q-u-n:⑦⑧④-⑦⑧③-零①② ,分享学习的方法和需要注意的小细节,不停更新最新的教程和学习技巧(从零基础开始到前端项目实战教程,学习工具,全栈开发学习路线以及规划)

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autocomplete属性规定form或input域拥有自动完成功能,该属性适用于<form>标签和<input>标签

autofocus自动获取焦点

multiple多选,适用于email和file,email中不同邮箱用,隔开

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title></head><body>    <form action="lesson2_1 autocomplete.html" autocomplete="on">        <input type="text" name="text" autofocus="autofocus" placeholder="您好,请在这里输入您的用户名!"><br>        <input type="email" name="email" autocomplete="off" multiple="multiple"><br>        <input type="file" name="file" multiple="multiple"><br>        <input type="submit">    </form></body></html>

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<link>标签中,sizes属性可以规定被链接资源的尺寸的大小

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title>    <link rel="icon" href="icon.gif" type="image/gif" sizes="16x16">    <base href="http://localhost" target="_blank"></head><body></body></html>

script:

defer 页面已完成加载后再执行脚本

async 一旦脚本可用,则异步执行

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>demo</title>    <script async="async" type="text/javascript" src="async.js"></script>    <script defer="defer" type="text/javascript" src="defer.js"></script></head><body></body></html>

ol有序列表倒序

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><title>Ol</title></head><body><ol start="2" reversed="reversed">    <li>Html</li>    <li>Html5</li>    <li>Css</li>    <li>Css3</li>    <li>JavaScript</li></ol></body></html>

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html页面布局demo:

demo.html---------------------------------------- <!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head><meta charset="UTF-8"><title>html5</title><link rel="stylesheet" href="style.css"></head><body>    <header>        <div class="container">            <a href="index.html"><img src="images/logo.png"></a>            <nav>                <a class="active" href="index.html">Home</a>                <a href="#">Course</a>                <a href="#">Actual</a>                <a href="#">Plan</a>                <a href="#">FAQ</a>                <a href="#">Notes</a>            </nav>        </div>    </header>    <section class="banner">        <ul>            <li class="active"><img src="images/banner/banner1.jpg"></li>            <li class="left"><img src="images/banner/banner3.jpg"></li>            <li class="right"><img src="images/banner/banner2.jpg"></li>        </ul>    </section>    <section class="main">        <aside>            <h1>Recent <samp>Course</samp></h1>            <dl>                <dt>Hyper Text Markup Language</dt>                <dd><img src="images/Course/05_05.png"></dd>                <dd>HTML is the standard markup language used to create web pages and its elements form the building blocks of all websites.</dd>            </dl>            <dl>                <dt>Cascading Style Sheets</dt>                <dd><img src="images/Course/06_04.png"></dd>                <dd>Cascading Style Sheets (CSS) is a simple mechanism for adding style (e.g., fonts, colors, spacing) to Web documents.</dd>            </dl>            <dl>                <dt>JavaScript</dt>                <dd><img src="images/Course/09_07.png"></dd>                <dd>JavaScript is a high-level, dynamic, untyped, and interpreted programming language.</dd>            </dl>            <dl>                <dt>AngularJS</dt>                <dd><img src="images/Course/02_09.png"></dd>                <dd>AngularJS is an open-source web application framework mainly maintained by Google and by a community of individuals and...</dd>            </dl>        </aside>        <article>            <h1>Welcome to <samp>Massive Open Online Course!</samp></h1>            <p>We provide the latest knowledge to help you cope with the changing world!</p>            <img src="images/article.jpg">            <p>We hope that all the students who love the Internet can be more convenient access to learning resources, using the Internet thinking to change our learning.</p>            <p>Focus on IT skills education MOOC, consistent with the development trend of the Internet down to earth's MOOC. We are free, we only teach useful, we concentrate on education.</p>        </article>    </section>    <footer>        <div class="container">            <p>Copyright © 2019 test.com All Rights Reserved.</p>            <span>                <img src="images/icon/weichat.png">                <img src="images/icon/sina.png">                <img src="images/icon/qq.png">            </span>        </div>    </footer></body></html>专门建立的学习Q-q-u-n: ⑦⑧④-⑦⑧③-零①②,分享学习的方法和需要注意的小细节,不停更新最新的教程和学习技巧(从零基础开始到前端项目实战教程,学习工具,全栈开发学习路线以及规划)
style.css------------------------------------------/* All tag */* { font-family: Arial; font-size: 14px; margin: 0; padding: 0; border: none; }a { text-decoration: none; }ul { list-style: none; }/* header */header { position: relative; height: 80px; background: #000; }header:after { position: absolute; bottom: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 7px; content: ''; background: #d6d6d6; }header > .container { position: relative; z-index: 1; width: 1200px; margin: 0 auto; }header > .container > a { display: block; float: left; margin: 5px 25px; }header > .container > nav { float: right; }/* nav */nav > a { font-size: 24px; line-height: 73px; display: block; float: left; width: 110px; height: 73px; text-align: center; color: #fff; }nav > a:nth-child(1) { background: #433b90; }nav > a:nth-child(2) { background: #017fcb; }nav > a:nth-child(3) { background: #78b917; }nav > a:nth-child(4) { background: #feb800; }nav > a:nth-child(5) { background: #f27c01; }nav > a:nth-child(6) { background: #d40112; }nav > a:hover,nav > a.active { padding-bottom: 7px; }/* banner */.banner { position: relative; background: #eaeaea; }.banner:after { position: absolute; bottom: 0; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 6px; content: ''; background: #d6d6d6; }.banner > ul { position: relative; width: 1490px; height: 538px; margin: 0 auto; padding-top: 10px; }.banner > ul > li { position: absolute; width: 610px; height: 300px; overflow: hidden; }.banner > ul > li.active { z-index: 2; top: 37px; right: 0; left: 0; width: 960px; height: 460px; margin: auto; border: 1px solid #fff; box-shadow: 0 30px 140px 22px rgba(0, 0, 0, .35); }.banner > ul > li.left { z-index: 1; top: 0; bottom: 0; left: 0; margin: auto; box-shadow: 0 3px 7px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .35); }.banner > ul > li.right { z-index: 1; top: 0; right: 0; bottom: 0; margin: auto; box-shadow: 0 3px 7px 0 rgba(0, 0, 0, .35); }.banner > ul > li > img { position: absolute; left: -30%; height: 100%; }/* main */.main { position: relative; width: 1200px; height: 473px; margin: 34px auto 0; }.main h1 { font-size: 30px; font-weight: lighter; margin-bottom: 23px; }.main h1 > samp { font-size: 30px; color: #7c7c7c; }.main > aside { float: left; width: 450px; }.main > aside > dl { position: relative; display: block; height: 74px; margin-bottom: 17px; }.main > aside > dl > dt { position: absolute; top: -1px; left: 92px; font-size: 16px; font-weight: bold; line-height: 16px; text-decoration: underline; }.main > aside > dl > dd:first-of-type { position: absolute; left: 0; }.main > aside > dl > dd:last-of-type { position: absolute; top: 20px; left: 90px; }.main > article { float: right; width: 720px; overflow: hidden; }.main > article > p,.main > article > img { margin-bottom: 20px; }/* footer */footer { position: relative; background: #000; }footer:before { position: absolute; z-index: -1; top: -6px; left: 0; width: 100%; height: 6px; content: ''; background: #d6d6d6; }footer > .container { width: 1200px; height: 64px; margin: 0 auto; }footer > .container > p { line-height: 64px; float: left; color: #fff; }footer > .container > span { float: right; margin: 14px 40px; }footer > .container > span > img { margin-left: 4px; opacity: .7; }footer > .container > span > img:hover { opacity: 1; cursor: pointer; }

16.jpg

html页面布局demo2:

<!DOCTYPE html><html lang="en"><head>    <meta charset="UTF-8">    <title>html</title>    <link rel="stylesheet" href="demo.css"></head><body>    <table id="outer-table">        <!-- 顶部 -->        <thead>            <tr>                <td><img src="img/logo.png" alt="logo"></td>            </tr>        </thead>        <!-- 主体 -->        <tbody>            <tr>                <td>                        <table>                        <tr>                            <!-- 左侧 -->                            <td width="12%">                                <p class="left-p">                                    <span>商品管理</span><br>                                    <span>评价管理</span><br>                                    <span>咨询管理</span><br><br><br>                                    <span><b>全部订单</b></span><br>                                    <span>已完成订单</span><br>                                    <span>待处理订单</span><br>                                    <span>今日物流</span><br><br><br>                                    <span>月考核</span><br>                                    <span>季度考核</span><br>                                    <span>年度考核</span><br>                                </p>                            </td>                            <!-- 右侧 -->                            <td width="88%">                                <table class="inner-table">                                    <tr>                                        <td><span>全部订单</span></td>                                    </tr>                                </table>                                <table class="inner-table">                                    <tr>                                        <td>                                            <span> 查询: <input type="date">至 <input type="date">                                            </span>                                        </td>                                    </tr>                                </table>                                <table id="order" class="inner-table" rules="all">                                    <tr>                                        <td colspan="2">宝贝信息</td>                                        <td>订单数量</td>                                        <td>单价</td>                                        <td>买家</td>                                        <td>下单时间</td>                                        <td>实付款</td>                                        <td>订单操作</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                    <tr>                                        <td><img src="img/txue.png"></td>                                        <td>2019新款个性男女潮牌&暮春之行文化衫</td>                                        <td>2</td>                                        <td>120</td>                                        <td>小明</td>                                        <td>2019-2-21 21:54</td>                                        <td>240</td>                                        <td>待付款</td>                                    </tr>                                </table>                            </td>                        </tr>                    </table>                </td>            </tr>        </tbody>        <!-- 页脚 -->        <tfoot>            <tr>                <td><span>2019-12-29 ©test.com</span></td>            </tr>        </tfoot>    </table></body></html>专门建立的学习Q-q-u-n: ⑦⑧④-⑦⑧③-零①② ,分享学习的方法和需要注意的小细节,不停更新最新的教程和学习技巧(从零基础开始到前端项目实战教程,学习工具,全栈开发学习路线以及规划)
demo.css-----------------------------------*{margin:0;padding:0;}table{width:100%;background-color: #fff;}#outer-table{background-color: #abcdef;}#outer-table tfoot td{text-align:center;height:50px;line-height: 50px;}#outer-table img{width: 150px;margin-left: 10px;}.left-p{margin-left:10px;margin-top:-250px;}.left-p span{line-height:2em;}.inner-table{border:2px solid #ccc;}.inner-table tr td{padding:10px;}#order tr td{text-align:center;}#order tr td img{width:50px;}

18.jpg


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